General information about South Korea

About 10 millions foreigners come to visit South Korea every year. Thanks in part to its history and rich traditions, there are many things to see in Korea!

The Korean peninsula, located in northeast Asia, is surrounded by the oceans. The Korean territory, long and narrow, is about 1,030 km long and 175 km wide measured at the narrowest point. The total area of the country is 100,033 km². The capital of the country is Seoul, the country is surrounded by Japan, China and North Korea.

National Flag: Taegeukki 

The current Taegeukki was adopted in its final form on 15 October 1949. Designed on a white background, the flag is composed of the ‘Taegeuk’ motif, divided into two colours, red and blue, and surrounded by four trigrams. The white colour represents the peaceful character of the Korean people, the ‘Taegeuk’ design the harmony of Yin and Yang. The four trigrams symbolise the continuous movement of change and development between Yin and Yang.

National flower: Mugunghwa

Mugunghwa, Korea’s national flower, has long been a widespread flower on the Korean peninsula. Every year, the flowers bloom from July to the end of October. With its long flowering period, it is very popular among Koreans. The name of this flower comes from the Korean word mugung which means “immortality”.

National Anthem: Aegukka 

The Aegukka in Korean means “Nation-Loving Song”. It was composed to cultivate loyalty and the independent spirit of the country. The Aegukka has gradually evolved into its present version. The song was composed in 1935 by Ahn Eak-tai, conductor and composer. It was not until 1948 that the government officially adopted the song as the National Anthem before the song was broadcast in all schools and public organizations.


South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea is an East-Asian country, the southern part of the Korean peninsula. It is located between China and Japan.

Population in Korea 

The population of Korea is 51,845,612 (updated in July 2019). Most of the inhabitants reside in Seoul or the metropolitan area, apart from the capital, the cities of Busan, Incheon, Daegu, Daejeon, Gwangju, Ulsan, etc. are to be counted among the most populated cities in Korea.


South Korea (Korean: 한국/韓國Hanguk or literally 남한/南韓; Namhan), officially the Republic of Korea (Korean: 대한민국/大韓民國; Daehan Minguk) is an East-Asian country, constituting as it does the southern part of the Korean peninsula and sharing a land border with North Korea.

South Korea is a highly developed country and the world’s 12th largest economy in terms of GDP in nominal terms. Its citizens enjoy the world’s fastest Internet connection speeds and the world’s 2nd best health care system, which translates into the world’s 3rd highest health-adjusted life expectancy. As the world’s fifth-largest exporter and eighth-largest import nation, South Korea is a world leader in many areas of technology and innovations. Since 2014, South Korea has been named the world’s most innovative country by the Bloomberg Innovation Index for 6 consecutive annual years.

Seoul the capital city 

Chosen to become the capital of the kingdom during the Joseon period (1392-1910), for more than 600 years Seoul has remained the capital of Korea. During the Joseon Dynasty Seoul was then known by the name of Hanyang, it was not until 1945 when the Republic of Korea was created following the Japanese occupation (1910-1945) that the capital took the name of Seoul. Seoul is the political, economic, social and cultural centre of the Republic of Korea. The Han River flows through the city and splits it in two. To the north is an area full of history and culture. In the south the business side predominates more. 

Seoul became internationally known by hosting the Asian Games in 1986, the Olympic games in 1988, and the opening of the Korea-Japan Football World Cup in 2002.

Seoul is home to cultural and tourist sites such as the five palaces of the Joseon Dynasty, Jongmyeo, the World Cup Stadium, Building 63, Lotte World, the Han River, Namsan, Bukhansan National Park, Daehangro, Insadong, as well as shopping areas including Itaewon, Myeongdong, Apgujeong, Namdaemun and Dongdaemun. 

Other sites such as Seoul Land, Everland, Carribean Bay, the Folk Village, Suwon Fortress are close from Seoul.

Size : 605.52㎢ 

Population: 10,373,234 (stat. 2001)


© Trésor & Bonté                                        

Using our contents without permission is a theft. If you wish to use or reproduce partially or entirely our contents, please contact the author 🙁                               

Except as permitted by the copyright law applicable to you, you may not reproduce or communicate any of the content on this website, including files downloadable from this website, without the permission of the copyright owner. The owners of copyright in the content on this website may receive compensation for the use of their content by educational institutions and governments, including from licensing schemes managed by Copyright Agency. We may change these terms of use from time to time. Check before re-using any content from this website.

Related Articles


About Korea

South Korea (Korean: 한국/韓國; RR: Hanguk or literally 남한/南韓; RR: Namhan), officially the Republic of Korea (Korean: 대한민국/大韓民國; RR: Daehan Minguk) is an East-Asian country, constituting as it does the southern part of the Korean peninsula and sharing a...

read more
Follow Us


Subscribe !

To receive interesting articles when updated. 

Follow Us
Subscribe To Our Newsletter

Subscribe To Our Newsletter

Join our mailing list to receive the latest news and updates from our team.

You have Successfully Subscribed!

Pin It on Pinterest

Share This